Posted in Science 4

10 facts about the turkey.

I chose to write about turkeys because I think that they are fascinating birds.  The 10th fact will shock you!

1.  The scientific name for a turkey is Melleagris gallopavo.

2.  Benjamin Franklin (A Founding Father of the United States) referred to the turkey as a bird of courage and respect, he called the national bird, (the eagle) a bird of bad character because it ate carion and so was like a vulture in his opinion.

3. An adult turkey has 5,000 to 6,000 feathers on its body!

4.  A hen lays 10-12 eggs, but she lays one everyday over the course of 2 weeks in the summer.

5.  Turkeys were near extinction during the 1900’s, luckily they were saved by restoration programs and people throughout North America helped the turkey reproduce.

6.  A male turkey is called a tom, a female turkey is called a hen, a baby turkey is called a turkeyling or a poult.

7.  Turkeylings like to eat small bugs such as grasshoppers, worms and ants, adult turkeys usually eat fruits and sometimes bugs.

8.  In the wild female turkeys can live for 3 years and toms can live for 2 years, but when they are domesticated,  both can live up to 10 years.

9.  A group of turkeys is called a flock!

10.  45 million turkeys are eaten every Thanksgiving!  That is about 690 millions pounds of Turkey.  There are about 325 million people in the United States, which means on average each person eats over 2 pounds of Turkey on Thanksgiving!!!

 

Sources:

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/14-fun-facts-about-turkeys-665520/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkey_%28bird%29

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Franklin

http://www.answers.com/Q/How_many_pounds_of_turkey_do_Americans_eat_each_Thanksgiving?#slide=4

http://extension.illinois.edu/turkey/turkey_facts.cfm

 

Posted in Science 4

10 facts about the dodo bird ( scientific name Raphus Cucullatus ).

I wanted to write about the dodo bird because they are extinct and I find that sad.  They were so friendly and people killed them for food.

Fact 1.  Dodo birds ate berries, roots, fallen fruit and nuts, they didn’t have teeth, so they swallowed their food whole, so the dodo ate rocks to make it easier to digest the food.

Fact 2.  Dodo birds lived on the island of Mauritius, but when sailors came to the island, dodos were an easy meal.

Fact 3.  Dodo birds evolved to be flightless because there were no native predators on the island of the Mauritius.

Fact 4.  Dodo’s started being killed around 1595 and were completely extinct roughly around 1662.

Fact 5.  The closest continent to the island of Mauritius is Africa.

Fact 6.  Dodo birds are related to the pigeon!

Fact 7.  Dodo birds build their nests on the ground near bushes and or trees.

Fact 8.  The dodo bird’s beak was 9 inches long!

Fact 9.  Dodo birds were capable of defending themselves with their super long beak.

Fact 10. Dodo bird eggs are small and blue with white spots on them.

I hope you know a little more about the extinct, yet amazing Dodo Bird now that you have read my list of 10 interesting facts.

Check out this cool Wild Kratts episode:

 

Sources:

http://www.answers.com/Q/Where_does_the_dodo_live

http://facts.net/dodo-bird/

https://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=wild+kratts+day+of+the+dodo&&view=detail&mid=609AADA53A68CF73467B609AADA53A68CF73467B&FORM=VRDGAR

 

Posted in Science 4

25 interesting facts about Lions (scientific name is Panthera Leo).

 1.  Lions are endangered animals.  They live in Africa, Asia and there are zoos around the world and a national park in India where lions are kept.

2.  Lions have a long tail, but a lion’s tail isn’t just cool looking.  I is used for balancing, and  for communicating “hey, come here” and ” hey I want you to be my mate”.

3.  Lions’ number one enemy is the porcupine.  A lion will get quilled by the porcupine if threatened.  The lion has a chance of being in pain for a while or being in pain forever (The lion will get quilled in the jaw).

4.  A lion’s diet which includes zebra, giraffe, gazelles, impalas, wildebeest, buffalo, and water buffalo.  The water buffalo is a favorites for a lion.  The hardest animal for a lion to catch is a gazelle.

5.  A super pride is a pride with many lions.  There have been few super prides, the highest lion amount in a super pride has been 22 lions.

6.  An average pride has 15 lions, but can get to 40 lions ( super pride ).

7.    Lions are the only big cats that live together in prides!

8.  Lions in the wild, can live for 12-13 years.

9.  Lionesses are the best hunters in the pride, so they do most of the hunting.

10.  In the wild, lions sleep for 20 hours a day!

11.  Baby lions (cubs) have a very low chance of making it to adulthood because of hyenas and illnesses.

12.  Lions can run up to 50 miles an hour in short periods of time because they lack stamina.

13.  When the baby cubs are born they stay hidden for 2 months before they meet the rest of the pride!

14.  When cubs are 3 months old, they can eat meat!

15.  Lions are often referred to as ” King of the jungle” this not accurate because they don’t live in the jungles.  They really are ” King of the savannah”.

16.  A lion’s roar can be heard from 5 miles away ( 8 kilometers ).

17.  In the pride, cubs eat first, then the females, then the males.

18.  A male and female lions of a certain pride will kill cubs if the cubs are not their own!

19.  There is always 2 males in a pride in case one gets injured, but one is always more dominant.

20.  A full-grown lion can eat 60 pounds of food in one sitting ( roughly as heavy as a 2-year-old)!

21.  Male lions with darker manes have a better chance of attracting a mate.

22.   For three months, cubs are only 3 lb.

23.  Lions are in the cat family Felidae and are in the order ( what they eat) carnivora or carnivores.

24.  A lion that is albino is very rare and no more than 10 have been found!

25.  If another male lion tries to take over a pride, the first thing he does is kill the cubs!

 

 

Sources:  http://animals.howstuffworks.com/mammals/strange-lion-facts3.htm

http://docuwiki.net/index.php?title=Super_pride

https://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=wild+kratts+lion&view=detail&mid=FCCED64EC28A8FAB1D69FCCED64EC28A8FAB1D69&FORM=VIRE

https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-scientific-name-for-lion

http://www.africa-wildlife-detective.com/lion-cubs.html

http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/animals/lion.html

https://onekindplanet.org/animal/lion/

https://www.livescience.com/27404-lion-facts.html

https://answersafrica.com/interesting-lion-facts.html

Photo Credit:  http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-y8QQaX-Cdl4/T095QRyxgXI/AAAAAAAAaTo/8XYkMA7ssKk/s1600/LION.jpg

Posted in Science 4

Facts About Camels

 ( The 5th fact is the most interesting, so read on! )

Fact 1.  A baby camel is called a calf, a female camel is called a cow, and male camel is called a bull.

Fact 2.  It depends on what species of camel, but Arabian (have one hump) camels live in Southwestern Asia, Northern Africa, Australia, Bactrian camels (two humps) Mongolia and China.

Fact 3.  Camels can go 5-6 days without drinking water in the summer and 5-6 months in the winter!  They can go 5-6 days without food when they don’t have water, but if they do have water, 6-7 months without eating anything!

Fact 4. Camels can close their noses to keep dust and sand out, they have 3 eyelids and 2 rows of eyelashes!

Fact 5: Camel milk is the closest related milk to human milk!  If you’re lactose intolerant, you can drink this milk with no problems (Camel milk is crazy weird)!

Sources:  http://listverse.com/2013/11/19/10-crazy-facts-about-camels/

http://www.kidsplayandcreate.com/interesting-camel-facts-for-kids/

https://www.bing.com/search?q=where+do+camels+live%3F&form=EDGTCT&qs=PF&cvid=0190147946454e108a4a189c7d615ec3&cc=US&setlang=en-US&PC=HCTS

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_animal_names

Posted in Science 4

3 facts about the Aye-Aye.

I chose to write about Aye-Ayes because they are one of the most misunderstood creatures on Earth.  The Aye-Ayes scientific name is Daubentonia madagascariensis

1. The Aye-Aye is an endangered species of lemur that only lives in Madagascar.  It’s endangered because hunters believe the Aye-Aye is an animal that brings hate, bad luck and misfortune, so they kill them.

2.  Baby Aye-Ayes are called infants.  They are born with no hair and are 4-5 inches long(roughly the length of a brand new pencil).  Infants keep close to their mothers for 7 months and then they slowly gain independence and move away from their mom.

3.   Full grown adult Aye-Ayes can hear their prey/food from 330 feet away (roughly the length of 1 football field).  Aye-Ayes tap a finger on a branch and listen with their big ears, if there is a bug, they chew with their super strong teeth, then make a hole in the branch.  The Aye-Aye has an extremely bendable third finger that sticks in the hole to find the tasty snack that is in the branch.

Check out this cute video:  https://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=cute+baby+aye+aye&&view=detail&mid=0C9883C7BE729FDFFB240C9883C7BE729FDFFB24&FORM=VRDGAR

Sources:  http://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/a/aye-aye/  https://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=wild+kratts+aye+aye&view=detail&mid=552D68990A15B533B91A552D68990 A15B533B91A&FORM=VIRE

 

 

 

Posted in Science 4, Uncategorized

5 facts about walruses

A Calf starting to grow tusks

Fact 1:  A male walrus is called a bull, a female walrus is called a cow, and a baby walrus is called a calf.

Facts 2:  Male walruses are roughly the size of 2 grown men in length (about 11-12 feet long).  When fully grown, a bull can weigh around 2 tons (4,000 pounds) which is how much the average car weighs.

Fact 3:   Odobenus Rosmarus is Latin for “tooth walking sea-horse” which is the Walrus’ scientific name.  I don’t speak Latin, but check out fact number four to see what walrus behavior inspired that name.

Fact 4:  Male and female walruses use their huge tusks to break through ice that forms while they are in the water.  They can only stay under water for 10-15 minutes because they do not have gills and must breath air.

Fact 5: Walruses are carnivores, which means they eat meat such as clams and mussels, a variety of fish and other sea creatures!  They are known to eat up to 5,000 clams at a single sitting.  I don’t know about you, but I think that is one heck of a seafood meal!

Source:  https://www.thoughtco.com/facts-about-walruses-2291965      http://www.toptenz.net/top-10-shocking-things-that-weigh-1000-pounds.php,https://www.bing.com/search?q=wild+kratts+mystery+of+the+weird+looking+walrus&form=EDGTCT&qs=PF&cvid=5caceb3de79c4369a0f8e51263e3cc9b&cc=US&setlang=en-US&PC=HCTS

Photo credit:  https://pixnio.com/free-images/fauna-animals/walrus/walrus-cow-and-calf-on-the-ice-close-up-detailed-picture-725×508.jpg

 

Posted in Science 4

Dragonfish

Dragonfish were discovered in the ocean.  It looks scary, but it isn’t dangerous to humans.  The dragonfish has a very special power ( invisibility).  They have a thing under their eyes that creates bioluminescence (light created by a living thing) which makes them invisible to predators.  It is still a mystery how the dragonfish turns invisible. While invisible they can still see the predators and avoid them.  The dragonfish only gets to be about six inches long.  What they lack in size, they make up for it in strategy and camouflage to escape predators.

( I drew the picture of the Dragon Fish ).

Posted in Science 4

Chameleons

Chameleons are hard to keep alive.  Chameleons need very special care to stay healthy.  Chameleons need plants to hide in because chameleons don’t like light as much as lizards or tarantulas.  Veiled chameleon males have crowns on their heads.  Chameleons can’t drink out of bowls but, in the wild chameleons drink the morning dew from leaves.  Captive Chameleons need a screened in area so when it rains they can catch the rain drops, if they are indoors you can mimic rain and morning dew with a spray bottle.  They need food and the perfect food for chameleons is flies and crickets.  Chameleons are a good friend to have and people train chameleons to eat food from their hands.  There are a lot of species of chameleons like the Panther chameleon, veiled chameleon, common chameleon and many more.

Posted in Science 4

Our fishing trip

I found a shrimp and I used it as bait.  I must tell you, that the fish we tried to get are very sneaky and smart.  The fish always figured out a way to get my bait while avoiding my hook.  So, I figured I would just eat the bait then the fish would have to come to me.  It was not the best thing I tasted all day.  I’m joking about eating the bait.  Hope you enjoyed hearing about my fishing trip.

Posted in Science 4

How fish suck in food

Fish suck food with their buccal cavity.  A buccal cavity is a bone that lets fishes mouthes get to bigger sizes.  They suck in water when they suck in the food.  The opercular flaps cover the gills and let water come out.  You might be wondering how the prey don’t fall out of the gills or the opercular flap?  The opercular flap has small openings for water to come out.  If you have pet fish you can sometimes see that when you put fish food in the tank they will open their buccal cavity then the opercular flap and let water out.